What are the Three different types of Broadband Internet Services?

What are the Three different types of Broadband Internet Services?

According to ITU, in 2022, approximately 5.3 billion people will use the internet worldwide. That is a whopping 66% of the world's population. In India too, the traction has been remarkable. There will be 658.0 million internet users in India in 2022, which is 47% of the total population. Another report from Kepios shows that the internet penetration rate increased by 34 million between 2021 and 2022.

This increasing number of Internet service users proves that people are ready to welcome the internet and realize its benefits. And the number is growing daily. Emerging new internet services that can provide fast and convenient speed are well accepted by the people.

Many high-speed internet providers provide different types of internet connection. This broadband connection earns the "most dependable internet service" title.

What is a Broadband Internet Connection?

Are you interested to know what is broadband internet connection and how it differs from other forms of internet connectivity options? Well, then the next section will seek to answer this query and more.

Broadband internet is a high-capacity transmission technology that can transmit any kind of data, including voice, video, and documents, across long distances and at high speed.

Broadband internet uses different mediums to connect the server to the user, including fiber optic cable, coaxial cables, and radio waves.

Three significant types of broadband connection can provide a high-speed internet service and can cover an extended range area of around 70km. The seamless and fast internet connections provided by different broadband connections are discussed below.

  • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) Broadband Connection

Digital subscriber line (DSL) is a wireline transmission technology that transmits data via copper telephone lines that are already installed in your homes and business. The speed of a DSL-based internet connection can range from hundreds of Kbps to millions of bits per second (Mbps). However, the speed is more when the user is located near the facility. With distance, there seems to be a decrease in internet speed.

There are two major types of DSL-based internet connection, and they are,

  • Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)

In the ADSL type of DSL connection, the users mostly tend to use the internet downstream rather than upstream. The internet connection is exclusively designed to provide them with the necessary service and cut off the extra cost by decreasing the upstream speed. The ADSL internet connection provides a high-speed data transmission downstream. You can download things in a high-speed manner, but the low upstream connection will disrupt your uploading speed. The same line can be used for voice service without causing any disruption in regular telephone calls on that particular line.

  • Smmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (SDSL)

The SDSL internet service is used for static speed both upstream and downstream. The Symmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (SDSL) provides internet service for smooth video conferencing and is mostly used in business firms. The speed is average, and the upstream and downstream speed is almost identical in time.

Two types of exclusive DSL internet services are available for business firms. One is a high data rate Digital Subscriber Line (HDSL), and the other is a Very High data rate Digital Subscriber Line (VDSL).

  • Cable Modem Broadband Connection

Another type of broadband internet service is a cable modem connection. In this type of internet connection, the provider connects the user to the server via coaxial cable lines, which transmit audio-video data to your TV set.

Many types of cable modem connections are popular among internet users. Fiber is one the most popular and is described below.

  • Fiber

Fiber optic technology transmits data through glass fibres which are thinner than human hair. The speed of fibre optics is more than any other internet connection available at the present time. Many companies provide speeds up to 1Gbps, which is way faster than any other broadband and internet service.

However, the speed of the fiber optic internet connection depends on various factors. Some broadband internet speed depends on the provider server quality and the fixed package that you buy. The speed can increase or decrease depending on the package you buy for an internet connection.

You can enjoy some extra offers with your fiber broadband internet connection, including bundle voice, internet access, and video service. 

  • Wireless Broadband Connection

Wireless broadband transmits data through radio waves and connects the customer and provider. The radio link between the provider and the user is responsible for the speed of the internet speed.

Wireless broadband is mostly used in the city area and needs long-range directional equipment to provide the necessary service. The speed of the wireless broadband connection is comparable to DSL and cable modem. The user needs an external antenna that receives the radio tower's signal. The receiver needs to be in the range of the transmitter. Licensed and unlicensed devices can use the service.

The wireless broadband networks allow consumers to access the internet from a fixed point, meanwhile stationary and often require a direct line-of-sight between the wireless transmitter and receiver.

Wireless local area networks (WLANs) provide wireless broadband access over shorter distances. They are often used to extend the reach of a last-mile wireline or fixed wireless broadband connection within a home, building, or campus environment.

The speed of the wireless internet connection can go to a hundred Million Bits Per Second (Mbps). However, when traffic increases, the speed of the internet tends to decrease. You can get a connection from any internet service providers near you.

Wrapping Up

Many more types of broadband connection are available and actively operate the service throughout the country, such as Satellite broadband and Broadband Over Powerline (BPL), which came in top line in the internet speed test. So, you can choose any broadband connection according to your requirement.

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Rahul Nambiar

Rahul Nambiar

1st November 2022

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